National education in Burkina: progress made in 2021 and challenges to be addressed

The Minister of Education, Literacy and the Promotion of National Languages, Lionel Bilgo, presided over the signing ceremony of the aide-mémoire of the tenth and final Mission Joint Monitoring Program (MCS) of the Primary Education Strategic Development Program in Ouagadougou on Thursday, June 23, 2022 in Ouagadougou. (PDSEB). The ceremony also marks the end of the PDSEB, the performance of which lasted a decade (2012-2021).

The situation of education in Burkina Faso in 2021 shows a mixed picture between satisfaction and the feeling of doing better. Indeed, at a ceremony that brought together the first head of the department in charge of education, Lionel Bilgo, the representative of the technical and financial partners of the sector and stakeholders in the field of education, the assessment made is not very rosy, but arouses satisfaction with regard to the national security situation.

The point of the PDSEB’s tenth joint monitoring mission revealed a balance half fig half grape. Indeed, only one in six of the recommendations of the ninth SAM has been fully implemented. Of the other five that have not been implemented, three have been renewed and two, whose implementation level is well advanced, will be completed shortly. According to the actors, this has to do with the security situation in Burkina Faso. This had no impact on performance in the other sectors.

The ceremony took place in the presence of national education actors

Programs are well executed

In the “Access” program, the results have improved significantly. For example, the percentage of pre-school care rose to 6.2% in 2019/2020 from 6% in 2020/2021. In primary education, the gross admission rate (GRA) is 97.3% in 2020/21, an increase of 2.4% from 2019/2020. After primary education, the GCR increased from 40.32% in 2019/20 to 42.9% in 2020/21. Secondary registers a TBA rising from 16.7% in 2019/2020 to 19.5% in 2020/21, i.e. 19.4% of boys and 19.6% of girls. This is an increase of 2.8%. The TBS goes from 21.9% in 2019/2020 to 22.3% in 2020/21, an increase of 0.4%.

The results of the “Improving the quality of formal primary education” program show a completion rate of 62.4% in 2021 compared to 60.3% in 2020 for primary education. That is an increase of 2.1%. In post-primary, the same percentage is 36.7% in 2021 against 39.0% in 2020, ie a decrease of 2.3%. In secondary it is 20.0% in 2021 compared to 17.5% in 2020.

With regard to the exams, the pass rate for the Certificate of Primary Studies is 60.0% in 2021 (62.3% for boys and 58.2% for girls) compared to 66.0% in 2020. In the BEPC it is 27, 8% in 2021 and 40.% to the baccalaureate.

Performance was also recorded at the level of non-formal education. In adults, the number of students is 14,266 in 2021 compared to 13,647 in 2020. And the success rate in adolescent centers, all formulas together, is 94.2% in 2021 compared to 91.8% in 2020.

Lionel Bilgo, Minister of National Education, Literacy and Promotion of National Languages

This is due to many and varied reasons. As solutions, the members of the joint monitoring mission recommended the sustainability of the school canteen, the timely construction of educational infrastructure, the management of the education and training needs of out-of-school children, the improvement of supervision, capacity building of teachers for appropriate care for students with learning difficulties , increased allocations for emergency education and non-formal education, continued devolution of financial resources, a budget more sensitive to the quality of education, continued social dialogue.

For the Minister of National Education, Literacy and Promotion of National Languages, it is the security situation and delays that explain the non-implementation of certain programmes. “The report has some shortcomings, despite the will and the fervent desire of the actors of the education system to address these challenges. It should be noted that insecurity and administrative slowness in some places have hindered the implementation of some projects. This leads to us renewing these projects with more enthusiasm and motivation for their performance,” said Lionel Bilgo.

Jil Haentges, First Secretary of the Luxembourg Embassy in Burkina Faso, Leader of Technical and Financial Partners in the Education and Training Sector

These progress are to the satisfaction of Jil Haentges, First Secretary of the Luxembourg Embassy in Burkina Faso, who fulfills the role of leader of the technical and financial partners in the education and training sector. “We have noticed significant progress in 2021. But there are still challenges, especially in the field of education in emergency situations,” said the diplomat.

The end of the PDSEB, according to Jil Haentges, marks the beginning of the Strategic Plan for the Development of Primary and Secondary Education (PSDEBS) and his country, as well as the other partners in the education sector, stand ready to launch the Burkinabè- government in its implementation.

Jacques Theodore Balima

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