Specific education integrated in science education in the first year

On 20 June, the Higher Education Council first studied 3 texts relating to mathematics education that the Educational Café could consult. The option announced by Emmanuel Macron will in reality be a specific one and a half hour math lesson integrated into the first year science education at the start of the 2022 school year. Generalization at the start of the 2023 school year is not guaranteed.

Specific Mathematics Education

A draft decree with a memorandum on the place of mathematics in primary general education in 2022-2023 was submitted to the Higher Education Council (CSE) on 20 June.

The two texts only relate to the 2022-2023 school year. They propose for this year only, for the only students who wish, if they have not chosen mathematics, a “dedicated mathematics education at a rate of one and a half hours per week in addition to the science training timetable”. For these students, the schedule of science education is shielded at 03.30. In terminale, the schedule for scientific education is maintained at 2 hours per week.

Voluntary students who initially chose this particular education are evaluated. These students “claim for the baccalaureate an annual grade that consists for a maximum of 40% of the marks they have obtained during the first year of specific mathematics education and for a maximum of 60% of the marks they have obtained during the first year of the other components of the scientific education. This annual first year is influenced by the coefficient 3 provided by the texts for scientific education”. Therefore, a separate evaluation of science education mathematics takes place in the entire science education up to 40% of the science education mark.

Pupils who have opted for specific mathematics education integrated into scientific education will be able to follow the option of complementary mathematics in terminale.

The program

The program aims to “consolidate the mathematical culture of all students and provide them with the foundation of mathematical knowledge and skills they need to succeed in their social, civic and professional lives, regardless of the training path they choose through the rest. ; to reconcile the students who have lost the taste and interest in this discipline with mathematics …; to make each student understand the relevance of the mathematical approaches and develop intellectual skills such as accuracy, logic, critical thinking but also inventiveness and creativity; to provide the necessary foundation for understanding quantitative phenomena as they are used in the various disciplinary fields and because they help to shed light on certain current debates; to provide students who wish the opportunity to take the optional teaching of complementary mathematics in choose the terminal class”.

The problems used “usually come from other disciplines, from everyday life or social life, but can also be internal to mathematics. The mathematics teacher is invited to collaborate with the teachers of the respective disciplines to promote connections and transfers. , thus consolidating the performance of the students.

The learning content relates to the analysis of coded information, random phenomena, evolutions, linear growth, exponential growth, immediate and global variations, automatisms.

Unraveling the Common Tribe

For Gwenael Le Paih, deputy secretary general of Snes: “Macron’s commitment to bringing maths to all first general students is falling apart. We are witnessing an unraveling of the common core for all”. In fact, lessons will only be given before the start of the 2022 school year for volunteers who do not follow the mathematics specialization and the texts have not yet been released. We can imagine that few students will be informed in time and will follow this education.

“Nothing has been decided yet before the start of the 2023 school year. This specific education could be reduced in 2023,” says G Le Paih. After all, the ministry wants to submit this education to the consultation that is planned for the start of the 2022 school year. If few students have taken this course in 2022-2023, the assessment can be made quickly.

Same disappointment on the program. “We were told that the special program would be revised so that there was consistency. It has been suspended. As for the specific curriculum, it does not match what is called reconciliation math,” says G Le Paih.

The decree establishing special education received 27 votes against (FO, Snalc, Sgen Cfdt), 10 in favor and 33 abstentions (Fsu and Unsa) during the June 20 CSE. The text on the program received positive votes from Medef and Apel, 18 votes against (FO, Snalc, Sgen Cfdt) and 28 abstentions (Snes Fsu Se Unsa).

For G Le Paih, this episode is in line with JM Blanquer’s high school reform: “the students are being tossed around. We are in increasing complexity where JM Blanquer has promised to decomplex. We are in a reform in ongoing reconstruction”.

Francois Jarraud

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