Everything you need to know about a one month old baby

Gross motor development

To his birththe newborn goes quite suddenly from a liquid environment in his mother’s belly, in the open air where he discovers gravity† “Gravity tends to crush it in its cradle, a bit like us adults, when we wake up, when we experience an intense feeling of heaviness,” Aude Buil describes.

He is not yet able to support his head, which is imposing and heavy, on his own and he has a lack of tone in his chest called axial hypotonia.

After a month, the baby still has involuntary motor skills, which he does not really control and which is manifested in: small jerky jerks : “he moves with his whole body” describes the psychomotorist. He also liked some archaic reflexes of the baby, like that of the run automatically when supported upright on a flat surface.

What about his fine motor skills?

After a month the baby is often still inside fetal position, in his arms or in his cradle: his fists are often closed, close to his face. He tends to put them in his mouth with a clenched fist and sometimes manages to stick out his thumb and place his lips around it to suck on them. “These are behaviors ofself-regulation that calm the baby and make him feel able to find that comfort in yourselfdescribes Aude Bull.
Baby still owns the grasping reflex Where touchingcausing him to clench his fingers when the palm of his hand is stimulated.

See, smell, taste, sound: what about the 1 month old baby’s senses?

The 4 week old baby reacts a lot to smells: the smells of milk and mother’s skin are just as many familiar smells that comfort him. He looking for physical contact by touch and likes to be stroked
Sensitivity to taste, which appeared during intrauterine life, continues to develop due to the different flavors that breast milk takes. View side:

Aude Buil, researcher and psychomotor therapist: Babies can see perfectly at 30 cm and recognize their parents’ faces. His vision is also blurred.

He is attracted to bright colors and by the contrasts.
Hearing side: Baby hears the voices and begins to recognize those of his relatives.

His social development

Baby is interested in people he knows, and he can follow with eyes and head the face of his parents that moves slowly around him.
“He beeps when awake, cries to express a need, such as hunger, fatigue, pain. A smile “to the angels” appears on his face when he relaxes and feels comfortable, but it is not yet intentionally addressed to the adult,” Aude Buil describes.
He appreciates being contacted and speak to him softly, and he responds to voices and noises.

The first of the 5 senses that develops in the womb is the touchso it’s the one we can privilege to communicate with him† “Baby understands very well what we say to him, depending on our way of touching: more or less fast, hard, soft, with or without pressure…” explains the psychomotorist. We therefore do not hesitate to caress him, hug him and massage him talking to him softly and pronouncing his first name: he likes these moments of tenderness very much.

One month old baby really appreciates being worn and cradled while curled up with arms and legs folded against him. “It creates a continuitya milestone with what he experienced towards the end of the pregnancy in his mother’s womb in fetal position”, explains the psychomotorist. At this time of his life, he needs it above all to safely discover and adapt to his new environment, but also to find a rhythm in the day: eat, sleep , to be awake…

Contrary to what we sometimes hear, your child will not become fickle or dependent on their parent.

Aude Buil: Research in neuroscience shows that carrying a baby in her arms allows her to develop her confidence by forming reserves of emotional security in a way!

You can make him discover the prone position by always resting him comfortably against you.

Baby must also be able to explore his body freely: for this it is important that his head – which he is not yet holding – does not remain turned to the same side or always leans on the back. We therefore do not hesitate to change position regularlyalways make sure it is very comfortable.
“We remember that the baby sleeps on his back at night in a sleeping bagwithout blanket, bumper or headrestto reduce the risk of unexpected death of the child,” the psychomotor therapist recalls.

Weight and length of the baby at 1 month: what is his growth rate?

The height and weight of a 1 month old baby can vary greatly depending on his birth weight. “A baby takes an average of 30 g per day the first month, so he has already gained an average of 600 grams since his birthsays Dr Dailland.
size lace, it grows 3 to 3.5 cm during the first month of life.
“To be able to follow the good growth, it is necessary control your weight, height and head circumference curvethat come from very good reflection of his health† So the baby has to stay in the same course of the curve’, sums up the pediatrician.
A pause in any of these 3 curves may indicate a pathology “A decrease in the weight curve may in particular witness a cow’s milk protein allergyexplains Dr. Dailland as an example.

Baby food at 1 month: how many ml of milk should he drink?

The 1 month old baby feeds exclusively on milk. About half of them are breastfed and the other bottle-fed.

When the baby’s appetite begins to regulate itself somewhat, it takes on average between 6 and 8 bottles per day, from 90 to 120 ml from first age milk† “In front of know the right dose, we rely on the baby’s weight first. But if he doesn’t seem happy, we feed on our appetiteas long as his weight follows his curve,” explains the pediatrician.

Breastfed babies are fed on demand : “the child drinks when he is hungry and it is impossible to control the amounts he has absorbed, so we rely on the weight curve” indicates the pediatrician. He takes usually between 8 and 12 feedings per 24 hoursbut it can sometimes be much more!

Colic is common after 1 month, so the baby doesn’t cry much after the meal. If this is the case, it is better to consult the pediatrician to rule out other possible causes.

Which vitamins?

Babies need supplementation with: vitamin D daily until two years old, at the rate of 2 drops per day. In addition, only the breastfed babies extra needed vitamin Kwho lacks breast milk.

What is the sleeping pattern of a 1 month old baby?

One month old babies still spend most of their time to sleep † “On average, they are only awake between 4 and 5 hours a day,” adds Dr. Dailand.
Paradoxically, despite all those hours of sleep, most month-old babies have don’t make their night yet † It is only from 4 months that the baby is ready to chain 5 to 6 hours of sleep between 11 p.m.

They cannot yet distinguish day and night and need time to do so. It is therefore important to expose them to natural light by, for example, not closing the curtains during a nap during the day.

Activity, games, pursuits, outings: what to do with a one month old baby?

The child of a few weeks has needs the presence of his parents, tenderness and love † “The paternity leave has been extended, because attachment to the parents is essential in these first weeks of life,” emphasizes the pediatrician. Parents can thus keep an eye on their toddler’s motor and sensory development and spend time with him to reassure him, communicate and wake him up.

We can start with going out with baby, in a baby carrier or in a cribmake sure it is well covered depending on the season.
The public transport will preferably be avoided, except, for example, necessary medical appointments. “Babies are very vulnerable because their immune system is still immature, and public transport is more conducive to the spread of viruses and bacteria,” explains Dr Dailland.

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