Progress analysis: Quebec has progressed positively despite some drawbacks

While people’s employment rates and incomes have risen over the past 16 years and poverty and the seriousness of reported crimes have decreased, the mental health of Quebec residents is declining. In addition, the emissions of GHG increase, which constitute two unfavorable trends towards progress, according to the‘ISQ’

PIB ne permet pas de mesurer toutes les dimensions du progrès, donc l’objectif fondamental de cette analyse, c’est d’offrir un complément au PIB en tenant compte de ce qui est le plus important pour la population. Par exemple, la santé, l’éducation, l’environnement, la confiance qu’on a aussi envers les autres”,”text”:”Le PIB ne permet pas de mesurer toutes les dimensions du progrès, donc l’objectif fondamental de cette analyse, c’est d’offrir un complément au PIB en tenant compte de ce qui est le plus important pour la population. Par exemple, la santé, l’éducation, l’environnement, la confiance qu’on a aussi envers les autres”}}”>the GDP does not measure all dimensions of progress; therefore, the fundamental purpose of this analysis is to complement the GDP taking into account what is most important to the population. For example health, education, the environment, the trust we also have in othersexplains economist Stéphanie Uhde, who took part in the study.

We did the comparison with the rest of Canada and found that Quebec outperformed the rest of Canada on several dimensions.

A quote from Stéphanie Uhde, economist and co-author of the study

For example, the low-income percentage has fallen; it was 13.7% in 2015, compared to 8.7% in 2019 in Quebec. In the rest of Canada, it was 10.5% in 2019.

This rate is calculated using the Market Basket Measure (MBM), which includes five components: food, housing, clothing and footwear, transportation, and other necessities.

In contrast, personal income and economic capital are higher in the rest of Canada.

Because the researchers studied economic data up to 2018, the consequences of the recent rise in raw material prices were not included in the analysis.

Life expectancy fell in 2020 at the start of the pandemic, only to recover the following year.

Photo: Getty Images/iStock

Graduation rate and life expectancy are rising

The share of people aged 24 to 35 with a post-secondary diploma has increased from 72% in 2006 to 80% in 2021. In the rest of Canada, this share was 74% in 2021.

Life expectancy has been rising since 2003, but has fallen by about a year across the country by 2020.

For example, in Quebec, life expectancy was 83 years just before the pandemic; it will be reduced to 82 years in 2020, to return to 83 years in 2021. Data for the rest of Canada is not available for 2021, but the trend in recent years shows that life expectancy in Quebec is slightly higher than elsewhere in the country.

Crime has decreased

The severity of police-reported crime has declined over the past 16 years, which the study authors say points to an improvement in people’s safety.

The Crime Severity Index, which takes into account both the volume and severity of reported crimes, was 52 in Quebec in 2020, compared to 79 in the rest of the country.

Mental health levels fell between 2015 and 2019, so before the pandemic

Photo: Radio-Canada / Ivanoh Demers

Mental health is more vulnerable

In 2019, pre-pandemic, 72% of Quebec residents aged 12 and older rated their mental health as very good or excellent. In 2015, 75% of the population thought they had good mental health.

This downward trend can also be observed across the country. The study authors had no mandate to determine why citizens’ well-being was declining.

GHGs are rising, but air quality is improving

The Quebec Statistical Institute notes that the magnitude of temperature anomalies has increased over the past 100 years and since 1998 e siècle”,”text”:”nous observons une série ininterrompue d’années plus chaudes que la normale du 20e siècle”}}”>we observe a continuous series of warmer than normal years from the 20e century

The ISQ also points out that Quebec’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions fluctuated between 2009 and 2019, but have risen since 2016, contrary to what was expected to contain climate change.

The report points out that emissions of GHG are a measure of the pressure of the economy on the environment.

However, if these two trends are unfavorable for progress, the Quebec Statistical Institute emphasizes that air quality is improving.

Quebec experienced 96 days in 2020 when the concentration of fine particles in the air was above the international threshold. In 2009, the province recorded 254 days of poor air quality. the good result of 2020 does not seem to be explained by the pandemic as this downward trend has been observed for several years.

The number of days on which the threshold for the concentration of particulate matter in the air in Québec was exceeded decreased by an average of 7.8% between 2009 and 2020.

Elsewhere in Canada, the study authors note that there is no significant trend in airborne particulate matter concentrations between 2009 and 2020.

The level of general confidence is lower in Quebec than in the ROC.

Photo: iStock

Trust in others increases

The ISQ noted that by 2020, nearly 45% of Quebec’s population said they trust most people. This share is an increase compared to 2003, when it was about 35%.

The authors point out that the level of general trust is lower in Quebec than in the rest of Canada, where nearly six in ten people trusted the most in 2020

The report also indicates that women’s representation in politics has increased since 2006, although she will remain underrepresented among elected officials in 2021.

The Institut de la statistique du Québec plans to update its analysis every year and add new measures where necessary.

Leave a Comment