The Legacy of Deconstruction | philosophy magazine

Philosophy offers you a weekly selection of articles published in the French and foreign press brought together around a common theme. Articles that surprised, questioned, disturbed us. The opportunity to discover new perspectives on the world and the events that make the news.

A question this week: what is left of deconstruction today? The term, easily associated with “ideology” woke up “, has taken on a polemical meaning. Originally, however, it is a philosophical project that aims to make texts, stories and concepts work. So why so much hate?

Jean-Emmanuel Ducoin: “A new way of thinking about human and social sciences”

“You have no doubt noticed that over many years an all-encompassing verb has repeatedly cropped up in political language, essentially on the side of identity law and pétainists of all currents: deconstruct. † In Humanitythe editor of the newspaper Jean Emmanuel Ducoin returns to this new rhetorical tic that has invaded public space, especially in recent months. And points to a distortion of the expression: “By an absolutely voluntary derivation of meaning, we mean in speeches or statements: “they deconstruct France”, “they want to deconstruct our country”, “they deconstruct our history”, implicitly “France will soon be plus France”, and the person responsible , the only culprit, here it is – the famous verb “to deconstruct”. » Nothing to do with what I’ve heard Derridatherefore, as we noted in our file devoted to this notion: “’Deconstruct’, for Jacques Derrida, is not to destroy. † Deconstruction is primarily an operator that, “by questioning traditional phenomenology and metaphysics”allowed the arrival of a “new way of thinking about humanities and social sciences”

Arthur Chevallier: “To deconstruct is to work, and not to divert knowledge for the sake of a political project, or a rage to satisfy”

In PointArthur Chevalier going to work too “praise for the deconstruction of history”“What if deconstructing doesn’t mean rewriting, reinventing, say not imagining, but working? What if, like any positive human adventure, deconstruction consisted of building? † React France outside France. Identity for the nationrecently published by the historian Yves Dutourcontinues Chevallier: “It happens that deconstruction does not lead to less of France, but to more. Towards a France that is clearer because it is more nuanced, more beautiful because it is more complex, more respectable because it is more unique. […] France is neither an idea of ​​historians, nor a project of kings, nor the argument of a political party. No one owns it; no one speaks for him. Since it is a fiction, the only certainty is that it is a center of interest, shared or not. † To deconstruct is to deepen our relationship with this strange web of intertwined meanings.

François Rastier: “The simple objectivity of facts and a fortiori scientific truth seem unbearably normative”

In The ExpressFrançois Rastier is much more critical of the heritage of deconstruction promoted by postmodernists. mhypercritical movement, [la déconstruction] weakens academic disciplines from within; relativistically, it seduces the authorities by justifying arbitrariness. It calls for a general and legitimate deregulation of various political and economic interests. Despite its pretensions to critical thinking, deconstruction attacks the whole idea of ​​facts, rejects the work of objectification specific to the sciences, in short, delegitimizes the exercise of rationality, the most important foundation of critical thinking, destroys it for its own sake. to replace. † reduced to a “world vision”objectivity gives way to the rule of “post-truth”† This is to some extent still what we see with the war in Ukraine, where Russia, fueled by the ideology of a Dougin and his defense of a “specific Russian truth”, shamelessly deals with misinformation. Even in the ranks of the nationalist thinkers most hostile to the West, the deconstruction spreads and becomes, in a kind of reversal against itself, the alibi of the identities from which it thought it was freeing itself.

Peter Salmon: “Deconstruction is the idea that anything constructed can be deconstructed, be it a thing, a concept, a text”

What remains of French philosophy? This is the provocative question from the Australian writer Peter Zalm in Aeon† For a few years, DerridaDeleuzevortexKristevaIrigaraycixousetc., have dominated the world intellectual stage, patiently deconstructing “truth and other traditional ideas”† who are them? “successors” † How to take a stand in this deeply shaken field? The question remains unresolved. Some, Quentin Meillassoux in mind, strive to rehabilitate the idea of ​​the absolute. Metaphysics is experiencing a renewed interest. But it must come to terms with the legacy of this profound deconstruction of the concepts of tradition.

Leave a Comment