“How long is this going to take?” Commenting on the results of the “Unsa Barometer” on May 23, Frédéric Marchand, Secretary General of Unsa Education, is concerned about tensions in the school. If the teachers like their subject, a third already think it no longer makes sense. A third are also planning to change jobs completely. And only 16% would advise teaching their child. Another revelation of this very large survey (more than 40,000 participants), the rejection of ministerial policies, already massive since 2018, continues to grow. 2022 will see a further decline with only 5% of teachers agreeing and no more than a quarter of managers. Blanquer left the education at the bottom of the hole.
Making the hearts of 43,000 teaching staff ring
From March to April 2022, for the 10th edition, 43,000 educators responded to questions from Unsa Education’s “Barometer”. A very large number which gives this survey a realistic representativeness. Especially since Unsa members or sympathizers represent only 33% of the participants. Half say they are almost not unionized.
The barometer probes the hearts of educational staff, and as it has been doing for 10 years, we see developments taking shape and concerns appearing. And this is also reflected in the various professions in education.
Unrest, mistrust, rejection of government education policy
“The unease and mistrust of Minister JM Blanquer have increased further,” explains Frédéric Marchand, secretary general of Unsa Education. In general, if 92% of the respondents like their job, 29% no longer find meaning in the missions. This is the case for 33% of the teachers, 32% of the IPR (2nd degree inspectors) and 42% of the IEN (1st degree inspectors). 33% of teachers plan to leave education to work in the private sector (non-teaching). In 2016, they were twice as numerous. This also applies to 24% of executives, 20% of IENs and 12% of IPRs. This bodes well for another hiring crisis, especially as an even larger percentage want to leave their jobs for another in the public sector. Only one in four employees feel recognized in their work, twice less than in 2016 (27 and 46%). Only 19% of teachers are in this case.
A different picture of the situation is given by the degree of approval of the minister’s education policy. 86% of teaching staff disagree with this policy. A percentage that has been growing since 2018. In 2017 that was 67%. In 2019, it rose to 83%.
This rejection is not the fact that teachers even if it is at most at home. For example, only 5% of teachers approve the ministerial policy. The percentage is higher among executives, but only one in four executives endorse JM Blanquer’s ideas: 26% of IPRs, 32% of IENs and 24% of management personnel. This separation from the executives appeared in 2018. JM Blanquer managed to make a large majority against him.
There are still differences between managers and teachers. For example, half (but only half) feel recognized in their professional lives, compared to one teacher in five. Managers are more satisfied with their career prospects, even if the percentage is low (30% of IERs, 22% of management personnel, 10% of teachers). Only 7% of teachers are satisfied with their pay, compared to 28% of IPRs, 16% of IENs and 12% of management personnel. Very low rates in any case.
The first reason for dissatisfaction is purchasing power: 68% demand urgent improvement (70% of teachers, 58% of management) in the areas of workload, career and hierarchical relationships.
Staff take a positive view of the NUPES program
The Barometer also shows that educators are much more supportive of the NUPES proposals than E. Macron. For example, 89% of staff (93% of teachers, 89% of IENs, 85% of management staff) are in favor of hiring 160,000 staff. 52% are against merit. On this point, teachers and managers are against, with the latter being overwhelmingly favorable (60% of IPRs, 71% of management staff, 30% of teachers). 66% is in favor of conditioning private funding (69% of teachers, 83% of IENs and management). 50% is for the removal of Parcoursup (55% of the teachers). 54% are by the end of the single college. 48% are against more autonomy in secondary school and university: 19% of teachers are in favour, against 81% of management staff and 41% of IPRs.
“We have topics to take to the next meeting with the minister,” F Marchand said. These topics are well identified: upgrading, workload, careers and also “a need for reconciliation”. “What worries us is how long it will take,” he said. “We see the tensions. It is urgent to respect and associate the staff”.
According to the Barometer, a third of employees already do not expect anything from the new five-year term. E Macron announced another method. “The mood of the staff is deteriorating: indeed, only 59% of the staff expect anything from the next government,” estimates F Marchand. “The answers to current questions, about education priorities and to the proposals that emerged in the election debate, testify to the urgent need for a peaceful debate, away from caricatures and pressure shots. Employees want to be recognized. They are respected, respected, and expected coherent and ambitious long-term policy on many topics such as inclusion, ecological transition or even the school climate… We need to take the time to talk.
We need debates that make it possible to associate the staff, provided the conclusions are not written in advance”. At the level of moral decay where the 5 years of JM Blanquer leave school, the government takes it without real change risk to see the school collapse.