Workshop validation mechanism school orientation: towards a new mechanism that gives the child a place of choice in orientation

The validation workshop for the new school orientation mechanism, opened last Thursday May 12, ended yesterday Monday May 16, 2022 Niamey. For the participants, through the study carried out (thanks to the support of the European Union), it was a matter of defining and proposing a simple and operational mechanism for school orientation, from primary education to general and technical secondary education on the one hand on the one hand and from general secondary education to secondary education on the other hand technology. This from the current context of the Nigerien education system and at the same time inspired by the good practices of comparable and pioneering countries. It also recommends providing techniques and tools for educational and professional guidance for post-primary, secondary and technical education, as well as a training module for the players involved. It was the Secretary General of the Ministry of National Education, Mr. Mohamed Zeidine, who presided over the closing ceremony.

On this occasion, the Secretary General of the Ministry of National Education emphasized the importance that the high authorities of the country attach to education and training. This, he said, really goes through a good school orientation and flow management system as announced in the Education and Training Sector Transition Program (PTSEF). In addition, Mr Mohamed Zeidine indicated that the PTSEF has planned in the priority strategies related to access, the school career, regulation, orientation, flow management, establishing a new orientation process for students at the end of Base Cycle 1 and Base Cycle 2 that will replaced when the CFEPD was abolished because it was not satisfactory.

According to the MEN’s SG, the old process leads to orientations without taking into account actual reception capacities, which prevents the ministers in charge of education from developing differentiated policies for the institutions they manage. Also, the orientation activity calendar does not always allow children to reach their orientation setting on time or be ready to welcome them. And finally, the preferred place of the pupil in orientation and information for pupils and families remains too limited. Thus, the development of a new school guidance mechanism will contribute to ameliorate the above-mentioned shortcomings, so that each pupil can become who he should be, so that he can be useful for himself and for society. Which, according to Mr Mohamed Zeidine, will boost the internal and external efficiency of the education system.

To do this, the Secretary General of the MEN explained, the chosen approach was to make a qualitative diagnosis based on a documentary research and surveys of the actors of the orientation system and the decision-makers of the Nigerien education system. This diagnosis made it possible to identify the strengths and weaknesses of the current guidance system and led in a second phase of the study to propose options for mechanisms in consultation with the players involved. An option has been selected and adopted by the strategic school orientation committee, from which we identify the new links between general education and technical education and vocational training and orientation or reorientation paths that will be defined by a mechanism that respects government orientations. and the reception possibilities of this sector, explains Mr Mohamed Zeidine.

For the SG of the MEN, the choice of the new mechanism currently under study and which will soon be refined to the choice of the Government of Niger, will lead in a third phase of the research to the development and proposal of the instruments of the orientation system to consolidate the device and make it operational. These include regulatory texts, guidance tools and training modules for guidance actors provided for validation by the actors of the two ministries, namely the Ministry of National Education and the Ministry of Technical Education and Vocational Training. So far, he announced, 4 judgments have been signed and 4 more are planned to make the mechanism operational.

Regarding the prospects for the institutionalization of the new guidance system, the SG of the MEN has indicated that a deployment schedule and an annual schedule of activities for the implementation of the distribution guidance will be proposed. Other actions are envisaged, namely the establishment of a management structure for orientation issues at national level and the implementation of a continuing and/or initial training program for staff engaged in information and orientation tasks.

Rahila Tagou (onep)

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