Supportive government: with Pap Ndiaye at National Education, a radical change of profile

The teachers’ unions demanded a change of method and a break with Jean-Michel Blanquer, they have already had a radical change of profile. Emmanuel Macron has chosen Pap Ndiaye to lead the “great project” of education. The historian who until now led the National Museum of Immigration History inherits the National Education and Youth portfolio.

This former student of the Ecole Normale Supérieure, 56 years old and a history graduate, has a PhD from the School of Advanced Studies in Social Sciences (EHESS). He taught at EHESS and Sciences Po and had called in 2012 to vote for the candidate François Hollande. In an interview with “Le Monde” in 2009, he explained that he was both “a product of the French Republican school and of American affirmative action”, this form of positive discrimination called equal opportunities in France. And which Emmanuel Macron has made a pillar of his education policy with the doubling of the small classes of priority education.

Negotiating the “pact”

One of the new minister’s major projects is the revaluation of the teaching profession, while the recruitment crisis raises fears of a teacher shortage at the start of the next school year. Talks will be opened with unions to implement the ‘pact’ proposed to teachers during the presidential campaign.

Emmanuel Macron promised that at the end of the five-year term, 6 billion euros a year would be spent on these revaluations. After pointing out to the teachers about the “work more to earn more” mode, he undertook to upgrade all of them “by about 10%”, “unconditionally” during the break between rounds. “There will be no more career start below 2,000 euros per month,” he announced.

Those who agree to train outside school hours, replace absent colleagues or help with homework can be paid more, up to 20% more. Teachers can refuse this right of choice. But from the start of the 2023 school year, the new regime will apply to everyone who enters a career.

The target of 30% acceptance

How many will accept the pact? “If we want to move the institution, we have to be above 30%,” a close friend of Emmanuel Macron confided before his re-election. The task of the future minister will not be an easy one, because if teachers, for example, have to replace more of their absent colleagues, as the Court of Auditors has suggested, this means making a certain number of hours on an annual basis, a red rag for trade unions – the working time of secondary teachers is determined on a weekly basis.

For school teachers, who already have 108 hours on a yearly basis, the future pact can relate to their raise, extra training time or homework guidance. “We will not ask teachers for 60 hours of work,” however, a close friend of Emmanuel Macron confided during the campaign.

The president-elect wants to make primary school the heart of his education priority. Fundamental knowledge is “the primary mission and must already be consolidated,” said Emmanuel Macron. But he wants a “decompartmentalized” school, open to the outside world – families, associations, congregations that provide extracurricular activities, etc.” Making Republicans doesn’t start at 9 a.m. and don’t stop at 5 p.m., four or five days a week. week,” justified Emmanuel Macron, who has the Marseille experiment in mind. “The battle is there,” he insisted at the beginning of March.

Extracurricular comes to university

The “decompartmentalization” will also be invited to study with two extra hours of sport per week for all students. They are cared for by educators during lunch breaks or on Wednesday afternoons, in collaboration with the local authorities. This is the introduction of extracurricular education.

Dedicated to orientation and intended to bring the school closer to the business to help high school students discover 5th grade crafts, the Avenir half-day is another project calling on the heads of establishments to exercise their autonomy to practice. Technical education will be reviewed.

“We will have to find money for all these extra tasks,” the college directors have already suggested. Most are in favor of the autonomy of the institutions – to reject national priorities with the necessary resources – but not that of the heads of the institutions. “We are not looking for more power, to recruit teachers, punish them or possibly distribute more money based on merit, confirmed this week Bruno Bobkiewicz, head of the main union of heads of institutions, the SNPDEN. † These are concepts that don’t interest us, they don’t match our values. Autonomy will therefore be another big project for the next minister, while Jean-Michel Blanquer has already said that he “shares the recommendations” of the Court of Auditors, which recommends entrusting the head of the establishment with the evaluation of the teachers of the second degree .

“Let the Dough Rest”

In high school, the return of mathematics was announced for everyone. But in the absence of an official text, second pupils still do not know whether they will return to the common core from the beginning of the school year or not.

Another sensitive site needs to open up to the professional path. The head of state wants to list the sectors that lead to a job and the others, since there are “too many young people who come out with a diploma but no job” and that “we allow too many sectors to live where there are hardly any sales outlets ”.

“A reform has just been implemented. Before we change things again, we must first analyze the results’, argues Laurence Colin, rector (SNPDEN) of a secondary vocational school in Arcachon.

We want the new minister “to break with the method of Jean-Michel Blanquer which is unanimously condemned, Sophie Vénétitay, Secretary General of the SNES-FSU had indicated, deploring the lack of consultation, the contempt, the refusal to resolve the contradiction. to belong ” . Bruno Bobkiewicz also expects “listening and that we calm down the pace of reforms a bit, many have started, we need to let the dough rest”.

Leave a Comment