Pap Ndiaye appointed minister, the surprise of the reshuffle!


MINISTER OF EDUCATION. It’s official and it’s a surprise, historian Pap Ndiaye takes over from Jean-Michel Blanque at the Ministry of National Education.

[Mis à jour le 20 mai 2022 à 16h56] It is the historian Pap Ndiaye who takes over Jean-Michel Blanquer at the head of the Ministry of National Education. The secretary general of the Elysée, Alexis Kohler, announced the news on Friday, May 20, 2022 and caused a surprise. No rumor had anticipated Pap Ndiaye’s appointment as Education Minister, all speculation was aimed at politicians, especially ministers already in office, including Gabriel Attal. The first clues about Jean-Michel Blanquer’s successor suggested that the head of state was looking for a more political than technical profile, but Pap Ndiaye, a graduate of the École Normale Supérieure de Saint-Cloud and the École des Hautes studies social sciences yes. not to include political experience in his resume, on the contrary, he is a permanent fixture in the educational system, he who, in addition to his role as director of the general of the palace of the Porte Dorée, is also a professor at Sciences Po Paris and the Museum of History of Immigration.

The appointment of Pap Ndiaye as head of the Ministry of National Education is part of Emmanuel Macron’s desire to form a government that represents the “renewal” of his policies, promising to breathe a “new breath” and ” to find a new method” to meet the expectations of the French according to comments made during the presidential campaign.

Jean-Michel Blanquer not to be reappointed to National Education

By serving the role of Minister of National Education for five years, Jean-Michel Blanquer broke the ministry’s lifetime record. Before him, Christian Fouchet had spent four years at 110 rue de Grenelle, from 1962 to 1967. Unions have regularly denounced “stalled” discussions with politics. Too many events have marked the mandate of Jean-Michel Blanquer and have led to the fact that the minister does not return for a second mandate in National Education: the reform of the baccalaureate first with the introduction of permanent assessment on the exam, but also the difficulties experienced to adapt the school during the two years of the Covid-19 epidemic, the repeated but never satisfactory changes in health protocols and finally this escapade to Ibiza at a time when the National Education was going through a crisis.

Faced with all this turbulence, Jean-Michel Blanquer’s technical profile is not enough to stay. But as soon as he got into the government, the minister knew how National Education works. He was rector of two academies, Guyana in 2004 and Créteil in 2007, and in the meantime held a first position in government: Deputy Director of the Cabinet of the Minister of National Education, Higher Education and Research in 2006. Before Coming to head the Ministry of National Education, Jean-Michel Blanquer was also Director General of School Education in 2009 and Director of the Graduate School of Economics and Commercial Sciences (Essec) from 2013 to 2017.

What names have been thrown out for the Ministry of National Education?

The appointment of Pap Ndiaye, historian, professor and director of the Immigration Museum, is a surprise that nobody expected, as the media and speculators are already betting on ministers. Until the last minute, the media bet on Gabriel Attal, big favorite to take over the reins of National Education, he was eventually appointed to the budget. Edition and Le Figaro reported confidence that Bruno Le Maire and Olivier Véran, two ministers and heavyweights of Emmanuel Macron’s first term, would be in the race to exchange Economy and Health for National Education. Unofficial listings released on May 19 give the advantage to Bruno Le Maire, Bercy’s tenant. Other bell sounds reported in theObs on the contrary, make sure that the two members of the government want nothing more than to be renewed in their respective ministries. Julien Denormandie, also already installed in the government of the Ministry of Agriculture, could land with the Ministry of National Education, according to fewer sources.

Functions, address… What is the role of the Minister of National Education?

The Minister of Education, in his short form, is actually the head of National Education, Youth and Sports. He is the referent of all government policies related to “youth inside and outside the school environment, everyone’s access to knowledge, to club and sport life and to the development of pre-school, primary and secondary”, specifies the government website.

The school, from kindergarten to high school, remains the main project of the ministry. It regulates the rules, defines the training paths, the content of the programs, but also the organization of the exams, which include the patent and the baccalaureate. The Minister of Education is the big boss of teachers whose training, recruitment and distribution he manages throughout France, despite the sometimes tense relations between education professionals and the minister, as evidenced by the particularly eventful mandate of Jean-Michel Blanquer.

Among the major projects awaiting the future Minister of National Education, there is the increase in teachers’ salaries, the recruitment of good candidates when their numbers have recently been reduced in proportion to the available places, the college (double classes of 6th grade , the introduction of manual and practical education, as well as digital education), raising the level of French students, or even reforming the secondary vocational school.

Like all ministries, National Education is a multi-billion dollar portfolio. Of the major state expenditures, the Ministry has one of the largest budgets: 55.2 billion euros for the year 2022. Colossal resources used to run the education system and are managed from the Hôtel de Rochechouart, which houses the buildings of the Ministry of National Education at 110 rue de Grenelle in the 7th arrondissement of Paris.

Who are the previous ministers of National Education?

This government, named Ministry of National Education since June 3, 1932 under the presidency of Albert Lebrun and then under the Third Republic, has seen a large number of ministers. However, during Emmanuel Macron’s first five-year term, Jean-Michel Blanquer remained in office for five years. A lifetime record. But who were his predecessors?

  • François Bayrou (May 18, 1995 – June 2, 1997)
  • Claude Allègre (June 4, 1997 – March 27, 2000)
  • Jack Lang (March 27, 2000 – May 6, 2002)
  • Luc Ferry (May 7, 2002 – March 30, 2004)
  • François Fillon (March 31, 2004 – May 31, 2005)
  • Gilles de Robien (June 2, 2005 – May 15, 2007)
  • Xavier Darcos (June 18, 2007 – June 23, 2009)
  • Luc Chatel (June 23, 2009 – May 10, 2012)
  • Vincent Peillon (May 16, 2012 – April 2, 2014)
  • Benoît Hamon (April 2, 2014 – August 25, 2014)
  • Najat Vallaud-Belkacem (26 August 2014 – 17 May 2017)
  • Jean-Michel Blanquer (May 17, 2017 – May 20, 2022)

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