A surprise at Education, thirteen new faces, two ministries of Ecology… What to remember about the government of Elisabeth Borne

The wait was long. Almost a month after the re-election of Emmanuel Macron, the members of the government of Elisabeth Borne are known. On Friday, May 20, the Secretary General of the Elysée, Alexis Kohler, unveiled the government that will lead this second five-year term. A team consisting of 27 ministers, including 14 men and 13 women. Parity is respected when we add Elisabeth Borne to Matignon. Here’s what to remember about this government.

Fourteen ministers confirmed

In this Borne government, several ministers take up their positions or are confirmed in their positions after the Castex years. This is the case of Bruno the mayornumber two in government, who will remain in Bercy as Minister of Economy, Finance and Industrial and Digital Sovereignty of Gerard Darmanin who continues his tenure at Beauvau as Minister of the Interior. Eric Dupond Moretti remains Minister of Justice and Frank Riester Deputy Minister in charge of Foreign Trade and Attraction. Clemens Beaunewho was State Secretary responsible for European Affairs, remains on the same perimeter but is promoted Minister-delegate responsible for Europe.

Amelie de Montchalinformer Minister of Transformation and Public Service, takes over the Ministry of Ecological Transition and Territorial Cohesion whileAgnes Pannier-Runacherformer State Secretary for Industry, takes on the energy transition. Sebastien Lecornuformer Minister of Overseas Territories, is appointed Minister of Defence. Marc Fesneauformer minister deputy in charge of relations with parliament and citizen participation, is the new minister of agriculture and food sovereignty. Brigitte Bourguignonformer Deputy Minister in charge of Autonomy, replaces Olivier Veran as Minister of Health and Prevention. The latter becomes deputy minister responsible for relations with parliament and democratic life.

Olivier Dussoptwhich was responsible for public accounts, takes over the Ministry of Labour, Full Employment and Integration. Gabriel Attal, former government spokesman, is a minister-deputy in charge of public accounts. It is replaced by Olivia Gregoire to the spokesperson. She held the Secretary of State responsible for social, solidarity and responsible economy.

Thirteen newcomers

On the incoming side, the list is long, to highlight the extension promised by Emmanuel Macron. The number three in government is called Catherine Colonna† This ambassador to the United Kingdom since 2019 and former minister, takes the reins of the Quai d’Orsay as Minister for Europe and Foreign Affairs. Pap Ndiayehistorian and director of the Museum of the History of Immigration in Paris, is appointed Minister of National Education and Youth.

Rima Abdul Malakcultural advisor to Emmanuel Macron, is the new Minister of Culture. Sylvie RetailleauPresident of the University of Paris-Saclay, is the new Minister of Higher Education and Research. Amelie Oudea-Casteraformer Director General of the French Tennis Federation, takes over the Ministry of Sports and the Olympic and Paralympic Games.

Isabel RomeInspector General of Justice and Magistrate, was appointed Minister Delegate for Gender Equality, while Charlotte Caubeldirector of judicial youth protection, replaces Adrien Taquet as State Secretary for Children.

On the political side, Damien Abadformer chairman of the LR group in the Assembly, becomes Minister of Solidarity, Autonomy and Disabled People. Christophe BechuMayor of Angers and close to Edouard Philippe, has been appointed Minister of State in charge of local authorities. Justine Beninmember of the MoDem, is the new State Secretary responsible for the Sea. Stanislas Guerinboss of LREM, replaces Amélie de Montchalin in the Civil Service. Yael Braun-PivetLREM, chairman of the Law Commission in the Assembly, becomes Minister of Overseas Territories. Finally, Chrysoula ZacharopoulouMEP LREM is State Secretary for Development, Francophonie and International Partnerships.

Fourteen outgoing ministers

The list of outgoing heavyweights is long. close, eg. Jean-Yves Le Drian at Foreign Affairs, Jean-Michel Blanquer to National Education, Florence Parly to the armies, Barbara Pompili towards the ecological transition, Roselyne Bachelot to Culture, Frederique Vidal in higher education, Annick Girardin by the sea or Julien Denormandie to Agriculture.

The balance leans more to the right than to the left

By appointing Elisabeth Borne as prime minister, Emmanuel Macron breaks the previous five-year term in which two prime ministers from the right were appointed. The new head of government is indeed labeled rather left-wing.

But in this new government, the sovereign ministries remain in the bosom of the right. LR’s two heavyweights, Bruno Le Maire and Gérald Darmanin, are confirmed in their positions at Bercy and Beauvau respectively. They are joined by the only “war prize” of the government of Borne: Damien Abad, who has just left the chairmanship of the LR group in the National Assembly for the Ministry of Solidarity, Autonomy and People with Disabilities. Also note the arrival of Christophe Béchu, close to Edouard Philippe and member of Horizons, to the Territorial Communities.

Catherine Colonna, the new host of the Quai d’Orsay, has been tagged on the right since she was spokesperson for Jacques Chirac’s presidency from 1995 to 2004, then Minister-Deputy for European Affairs in the Villepin government from 2005 to 2007. Other ministers owe money for their rise to Emmanuel Macron, but historically have also come from the right, such as Amélie de Montchalin or Franck Riester, president of Agir.

The left, again, seems to be the weak leg of Emmanuel Macron, as there is no newcomer from any party from this political side. Pap Ndiaye, who embodies this tendency, is not from the political seraglio. Note, however, that the presence of ministers from the left has been confirmed in this new government, such as Olivier Véran, Olivier Dussopt, Yaël Braun-Pivet, Brigitte Bourguignon and Gabriel Attal.

Gender equality respected

When the Castex government was formed in July 2020, parity was strictly respected in the 16 major ministries. Among the nominations in the state secretariats, there were 22 women for 21 men.

In the new government, with 14 women (including Elisabeth Borne) and 14 men appointed, equality is once again respected. Nine women and nine men hold full ministries and five women and five men are appointed as deputy ministers or secretaries of state.

On the side of the sovereign ministries, on the other hand, there are more men than women. The Interior, Justice, the Armies and the Economy are all male. Only one woman, Catherine Colonna of Foreign Affairs, holds such a ministry. As in the government of Jean Castex.

Civil society personalities

That is the great surprise of this new government. Pap Ndiaye, the current director of the National Museum of the History of Immigration in Paris, is the new Minister of National Education and Youth. The appointment of this 56-year-old normalien and historian, a specialist in the social history of the United States and minorities, marks a break with the profile of his predecessor, Jean-Michel Blanquer, rue de Grenelle.

Sylvie RetailleauAppointed in Higher Education and Research, is also not used to political struggles. At 57, this science graduate has spent her entire career in higher education. After starting as a teacher at Paris XI, she has held the presidency of Paris-Saclay University since 2019, the first in France according to the Shanghai ranking.

Charlotte Caubel is the new Secretary of State responsible for children. This 45-year-old magistrate has been director of the judicial protection of youth since September 2020. Passed by the court of Bobigny, where she served as vice president alongside the prosecutor François Molins, this former student of Sciences Po Paris, was promoted to assistant prosecutor to her former mentor at the Paris prosecutor’s office.

Another magistrate Isabel Rome in charge of equality between women and men, was an adviser in the cabinet of former Justice Minister Marylise Lebranchu in the early 2000s.

Two “super ministries” sharing ecology

Among the 27 ministries announced on Friday, there are two new Moroccans: that of the ecological transition and the cohesion of the areas, and that of the energy transition. The new Prime Minister, Elisabeth Borne, will be responsible for the ecological planning requested by Emmanuel Macron. This planning is carried out by Amélie de Montchalin and Agnès Pannier-Runacher.

The first will be responsible for carrying out ecological planning in the area. Objective: Deliver on the campaign promises of the re-elected president, such as greater access to electric cars. Energy-efficient residential renovation will also be one of the priorities, with the goal of refurbishing 3.5 million homes by the end of the five-year period. As a reminder, the president has promised to increase the budget for the Ecological Transition by 50 billion euros.

Agnès Pannier-Runacher, former industry minister in Emmanuel Macron’s first five-year term, will be responsible for energy-related matters. Particularly in the boxes: the launch of six nuclear reactors and fifty offshore wind farms, for commissioning in 2050.

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