More resources for schools, colleges, high schools and teachers. Education is heralded as one of the key projects of this new five-year term. In addition, Emmanuel Macron has pledged 12 billion euros a year by 2027 for education and youth, of which 6 billion for salary increases. Especially since educational emergencies are numerous. 20 minutes takes stock of the priorities awaiting the future government.
Restore trust between the Minister of Education and teachers
The end of Macron 1’s five-year term ends on a negative note about the teachers’ relationship with their minister, Jean-Michel Blanquer. The well-attended strike of January 13 sounded like a kind of denial to him, according to Sophie Vénétitay, general secretary of Snes-FSU, the first union in secondary education: “We have reached a historic breaking point. He is criticized for his very vertical method, his announcements discovered in the press, the fact that he does not support contradiction. “An opinion shared by Guillaume Prévost, general representative of VersLeHaut, a think tank dedicated to youth and education: “Teachers have been badly burned over the past year. Jean-Michel Blanquer directed with circular strokes, not worrying too much about the execution of his decisions on the field. †
To mark a new era, Emmanuel Macron promised “a new method”. In the field of education, “The objectives will be set nationally, but we will reject locally the ways and means of achieving them,” he stated during the debate between the two rounds with Marine Le Pen. It remains to be seen who he will appoint in Grenellestraat: “Given the sensitive context, he will undoubtedly opt for an open personality and concerned about intermediary bodies. Especially since the executive has everything to fear from a third social round,” said Guillaume Prévost.
Increasing teacher salaries
Primary and secondary teachers earn 7% less than the average of the OECD countries, according to the annual report and 20% less after ten or fifteen years of service Views on education published in September 2021. Emmanuel Macron promised that the index point, which is used to calculate civil servants’ salaries, would be revalued “before the summer”. He also announced a “substantial increase” in teachers’ salaries.s, which would be correlated with the acceptance of new assignments (substitutions, help with homework, individualized tutoring of students, etc.). In addition, he said he wants to increase salaries, so that “there is no longer a career start below 2,000 euros” per month. An emergency, according to Sophie Vénétitay: “The reduction in teachers’ salaries is a reality, as is the impoverishment of the youngest among them. But we are not in favor of “work more to earn more”. We just need to re-evaluate the act of teaching and not increase the amount of overtime worked or increase its number. †
Lively discussions are to be expected, Guillaume Prévost anticipates: “The subject of teacher service obligations is explosive. A major round of negotiations is therefore to be expected. On the other hand, the 10% increase in the first levels should be easier to decide,” he says.
Solving the recruitment crisis
It is the hot potato that all education ministers pass by without really finding a solution. But the situation is serious. In 2021, there were still 238 vacancies in secondary education, mainly in mathematics, classical and German. At the same time, the number of layoffs has increased: 937 in primary school in 2021, 617 in secondary and high school. “Some classes, especially in college, don’t have teachers in certain disciplines,” says Sophie Vénétitay. To rectify the situation, it is of course necessary to increase pay, but also to improve working conditions: “By reducing the size of the class and gradually introducing trainee teachers into the profession,” the unionist says . “We should also sign ten-year contracts so that people from the private sector can come and teach for a period of their career,” suggests Guillaume Prévost.
Put math back in the common core in high school
Since the secondary school reform, mathematics in the 1st and final year has disappeared from the common core and the discipline is taught only as a specialty. This disadvantages the education of students and limits their choice of orientation in higher education. Emmanuel Macron has promised to reintroduce the discipline, first in the 1st class. “We are moving towards 1h30 in mathematics, which would be added to 1re’s science education. It’s a bit of a patchwork quilt’, says Sophie Vénétitay.
The trade unions mainly doubt the feasibility of the measure, while the preparations for the start of the school year have already been completed. Another uncertainty: Will there be enough math teachers to teach, if they are already lagging behind?
reform the college
This must have been the poor relationship of education under Macron 1. Not only did it not benefit from any reform, but it also lost resources: “There was a population increase in the university at the beginning of the five-year period, while the number of positions has decreased. We don’t have the resources to work in small groups. work,” notes Sophie Vénétitay Aware that the sixth grade class is crucial, Emmanuel Macron announced during the debate his wish that it be duplicated, probably first in REP +.
He also promised a reform of orientation. From the 5th to the 3rd, half a day a week should be devoted to “manual and practical education”, “digital education” and the discovery of professions. “It would be a way to upgrade the professional sector upstream, by giving more space to practical skills,” says Guillaume Prévost.
Vocational Secondary School Reform
Emmanuel Macron has announced that he wants to extend the internship periods in companies by 50% and to pay high school students during their time in companies. “Because he wants the MBO school to be inspired by the success of the apprenticeship system. But to increase the time in the company, the number of hours of general education would have to be reduced, which the teacher unions do not want,” emphasizes Guillaume Prévost. That is why lively discussions are to be expected here as well.