EDUCATION. “Les Segpa”, the film produced by Cyril Hanouna, provoked a strong reaction from the teaching staff who are fighting to change the image of these schoolchildren, who have great difficulties in school and are already often stigmatized. Example at Anne Frank College.
The trailer had already set the powder on fire. “Les Segpa”, released in theaters a few days ago, provoked strong reactions from the teaching staff. The latter accuse the film of devaluing the students of these structures while elsewhere they are already the subject of stigmatization and ridicule.
At the Anne-Frank University of Applied Sciences, which houses a Segpa structure (general and vocational education adapted)† this has been the case in particular for several years now. Eric Esmard is in charge. He and his team have been fighting relentlessly for years to change the image of Segpa classes, especially towards parents who find it annoying that their children are oriented there. “When the parents arrive, I tell them, ‘You’ve been told for ten years that your son is an idiot and that he sucks.’ We are going to change the situation”. We try to reassure them and have a different discourse.”
“84% of the children on Segpa come from underprivileged families”
Because the students who arrive in Segpa are of course no “dummies” and also no suckers. “These are students who fail massively in school, who experience persistent difficulties,” the manager sums up. Eric Bardot, specialist professor at Segpa, adds: “They’re not there because they’re stupid. But because they are “prevented”. For several years I have been trying to find out when their difficulties start and very often it is with CP. There are situations of divorce, unemployment. The cause is not school. Eric Esmard speaks of “battered children”, “with sick, divorced parents, who have a succession of ‘bad luck'”. “We have to help them rebuild.”
Eric Bardot cites the report by Jean-Paul Delahaye, Inspector General of National Education, on “severe poverty and academic success”, submitted to the Minister of National Education in 2015. “It indicates that 84% of children with Segpa comes from underprivileged families And we at Anne-Frank College are in an education priority zone+, that’s even more! »
Anne-Frank’s Segpa has six classes (from twelve to sixteen students) from sixth to third. Secondary school students are supervised by specialized teachers in primary education for general education, or by teachers in secondary vocational education. These are the teachers who guide the third and fourth grade students in one of the three workshops available to them: food hygiene, service; building ; sales, logistics distribution. “100% of graduate students should be able to find their place in secondary vocational education and in particular in the CAP where they have priority”, Eric Esmard points out, “and where they generally achieve good results! †
“Segpa is university! †
Claudy Henriot is the director of the Anne-Frank College where the Segpa is integrated. “Segpa is university! ‘ he launches. “Of course there is a specificity, but they are mainly high school students. The teachers are university professors. The students have a normal school life. We will certainly adapt to great difficulties in school with teachers who have undergone specialized training in order to be as close as possible to the difficulties of the students. They are able to adapt, adapt the programs so that each young person can leave with peace of mind and go as far as possible in their possibilities. We are somewhere on the “tailor-made”.
“Why should they be the target? †
Eric Bardot, a specialist Segpa teacher at Anne-Frank College, is also an activist in the Sud Education union. Like others, his union has risen to denounce the “devaluing” speech in the film produced by Cyril Hanouna. A petition has even been launched on the Change.org site asking “changing the title of the film and removing all allusions to specialized education”. “There is a real correlation between academic difficulties and social difficulties in our country,” emphasizes Eric Bardot. “The weight of social origin is decisive. Bourdieu said it years ago, and today it’s even worse.
“Our students come from underprivileged backgrounds. Why should these be the target? The “under-gifted”, they pass the baccalaureate and they are children of the bourgeoisie, it had nothing to do with it. That’s where we attack the most underprivileged. But do we laugh at them or do we laugh at them? †
Eric Bardot indicates that his students also watched the web series from which the movie “Les Segpa” was taken. “Usually they say to me, ‘Again, we’re gogols, have you seen sir? You should know that despite our best efforts, they often don’t want to be in the picture, and ask them to close the classroom doors so we don’t put them in the walk. Because they are ashamed.”
The activist also denounces Segpa’s place in national education, whose structures are less and less numerous, and in particular in the 2015 college reform where the adapted sections of general and vocational education have been “forgotten”.
High school students in Segpa have three workshops, including this one dedicated to sales and distribution.
At the end of 3rd, students in Segpa obtain the professional certificate that allows them to enter a vocational school.